- Prof Abdus Salam, FRS Chairman
On 16 September 1961, a Space Sciences Research Wing of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) was established with the following members
- Prof Abdus Salam, FRS - Chairman
- Dr I H Usmani, Chairman PAEC - Vice-Chairman
- Mr. Sibte Nabi Naqvi, Director, Pakistan Meteorological Department - Member
- Dr Innas Ali, Member PAEC – Member
FLIGHT TEST RANGE (FTR)
In 1961-62, 477 acres of land was acquired from Minsitry of Science and Technology. At that time it was called as “Inter Services Proof Range (ISPR)”. Later on, it was renamed as FTR (Flight Test Range).
REHBAR I & REHBAR II SOUNDING ROCKETS
The first rocket launched by PAEC, on 07 June 1962 at 1953 hours, the two-stage rocket: Rehbar-I consisting of a Nike-Cajun combination (which was earlier developed by NASA) was successfully launched from Sonmiani Rocket Range. It carried a payload of 80 pounds of sodium and soared to about 130 km into the atmosphere. Rehbar-I launching gave Pakistan an honour of becoming the third country in Asia and the tenth in the world to conduct rocket launching. The other countries, which had, until then, already conducted launchings of this type, were: USA, USSR, UK, France, Sweden, Italy, Canada, Japan and Israel.
Furthermore, Rehbar-II was launched from Sonmiani Rocket Range on 09 June 1962. Rehbar-I and Rehbar-II launching gave the remarkable information about the wind shear and structure of layers in the upper atmosphere extending beyond the stratosphere, the data provided other information about cloud formation, cyclones and weather mood near Arabian Sea.
SUPARCO AS SEPARATE ORGANISATION (1966)
On 25 July 1964, SUPARCO was placed under the direct control of President of Pakistan. From 16 September 1964, SUPARCO started functioning independent of PAEC with Dr IH Usmani looking after its affairs as its Co-Chairman.
SUPARCO had 3 divisions
- Administrative Division
- Technology Division
- Space Science & Research Division
SUPARCO AS A SEPARATE ORGANIZATION
On 8 March 1966, SUPARCO was constituted as a separate organization under the administrative control of Sceintific and Technological Research Division (S&TR), Government of Pakistan.
FIRST EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF SUPARCO
On 15 April 1967, Air Cdre W.J.M. Turowicz was appointed as the first Executive Director of SUPARCO.
On 29 March 1968, SHAHPAR was launched from Sonmiani. It was a two stage large diameter rocket, the second stage based on the design of French rocket Dragon and the first stage on French Centaure rocket.
FIRST SUPARCO DESIGNED REHNUMA-1 ROCKET
On 31 March 1969, REHNUMA-1 was launched from Sonmiani, which carried a payload of 35kg to a height of 160km. It was the first rocket made in SUPARCO and the design followed French Rocket Centaure 1 configuration.
INT-COOPERATION Pakistan - United Nations Regional Training...
In 1970, SUPARCO sought international cooperation with several developed countries of the world and entered into cooperative agreements with NASA of USA, Science Research Council (SRC) of UK and CNES of France.
A tripartite cooperative agreement between SUPARCO, NASA and SRC was made. Under this cooperative program two Nike-Cajun rockets were provided by NASA.
TRANSFER OF ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL TO SUPARCO
On 01 February 1970, the administrative control of SUPARCO was transferred from S&TR Division to Defence Production Division, Ministry of Defence.
There were two wings
a. Space Science Research Wing
b. Space Technology Wing
SECOND EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF SUPARCO
In 1970, Air Cdre K.M. Ahmed was appointed as SUPARCO’s second Executive Director.
& RESEARCH CENTRE In 1971, under the SPARCENT project, construction of space research labs, library, auditorium and other facilities was completed. With the joint efforts of Dr Shafi, Mr Rehmatullah and Mr Ansari, Space Applications and Research Centre was established around 1970-1972.
ROCKET On 28 April 1972, PAK SHAHPAR-I Rocket fabricated for the first time in Pakistan was successfully launched from Sonmiani. It was capable of carrying a payload of 55 kg to an altitude of 450 km.
Under this ordinance, a Space Research...
UPGRADATION OF SUPARCO TO THE STATUS OF AN AUTONOMOUS COMMISSION
SUPARCO was recognized and established as an independent national organization with the status of full-fledged Commission through the Presidential Ordinance on 21 May 1981. Under this ordinance, a Space Research Council (SRC) and an Executive Committee of the Space Research Council (ECSRC) was constituted.
Mr. Salim Mehmud who took over as the Chief Executive of SUPARCO was appointed as the Chairman SUPARCO. He established three Technical Wings namely; Space Technology Wing, Space Research Wing and Space Electronics Wing.
INITIATION OF PAKSAT PROJECT
In 1982, SUPARCO initiated a National Communication Satellite System (PAKSAT) project for which a National Users Committee was constituted comprising representatives from SUPARCO, Pakistan Teleghraphs and Telephones (PT&T), Pakistan Television Corporation (PTVC), Pakistan Broad-casting corporation (PBC), Civil Aviation Authority (CAA), Army Signals, Pakistan Airforce (PAF), Pakistan Navy (PN), Joint Staff Headquarters (JSHQ) and Ministry of Education.
SECOND CHAIRMAN OF SUPARCO
On 13 April 1989, Mr Salim Mehmud handed over the charge of the office of Chairman SUPARCO to Dr M Shafi Ahmed, the then Member Space Research in SUPARCO.
On 08 February 1989, Aerospace Institute was established. Later on, it was named as Institute of Space Technology.
Satellite Research & Development Centre, Lahore (SRDC-L), Established in 1989 as SPARC-Lahore.
FIRST REMOTE SENSING SATELLITE GROUND STATION
SUPARCO established its own Satellite Ground Station at Rawat, Islamabad in 1989 on 11 acres of land. The Satellite Ground Receving Station was upgraded to receive SPOT 2.5 m data.
Space & Atmospheric Research Centre (SPARC)- Peshawar
Provides remote sensing data from SPOT series of satellites, technical support to users and undertakes remote sensing and GIS applications projects in NWFP.
Space Applications & research Station (SPARS)- Multan
BADR-1 (First Pakistani Satellite)
On 16 July, 1990, BADR-1 satellite designed and manaufactured by SUPARCO was successfully launched from Xichang Satellite Launch Centre of People’s Republic of China using Long March -2E satellite launch vehicle.
Local User Terminal (LUT) & Mission Control Centre
In 1990, a Local User Terminal (LUT) and a Mission Control Centre was established at Lahore under COSPAS-SARSAT Program that provides distress alert and position locating services through low-earth orbiting satellites. Later on, it was upgraded in Karachi in 2009.
To commemorate the occasion of launching of Pakistan’s first satellite BADR-1, the Pakistan Post Office issued a commemorative postage stamp of Rs.3 denomination on 26 July 1990.
THIRD CHAIRMAN OF SUPARCO
On 16 October 1990, Dr Shafi Ahmad got retired and handed over the charge of the office of Chairman SUPARCO to Mr Sikandar Zaman.
FAQROOQ AHMED LAGHARI VISITED KARACHI, 6 Jan 1994
Maj Gen (Retd) Raza Hussain served SUPARCO till 31 Aug 2010.
Pakistan’s second satellite BADR-B was launched on 10 December 2001 from Baikonour Cosmodrome, Kazikistan. The Zenit-2 rocket carried it into a 1018 km sun-synchronous circular orbit with an orbital period of 105 minutes and inclination of 99.64 degrees with a design life of two years.
IMPLEMENTATION OF PAKSAT PROJECT
Pakistan’s first communication satellite PAKSAT (Phase-1), a hired satellite, was relocated to 38o East latitude slot in the geo-stationary satellite orbit in Dec 2002 to meet national and regional needs. The satellite has on board 32 transponders for providing services such as Fixed Satellite Service (FSS), Broadcast Satellite Service (BSS) and Broadband Data Service like internet and multimedia.
SUPARCO INSTITUTE OF TECHNICAL TRAINING (SITT)
Established in year 2002 and registered under SBTE in 2004 to develop technical workforce for SUPARCO to award Diploma of Associate Engineering (DAE).